Everything You Need to Know About Bleeding Gums


Everything You Need to Know About Bleeding Gums

Bleeding Gums and Your Health

Your gums are a great indicator of your overall health. Pink, firm gums that are closer to the teeth signify a healthy mouth, while gums that bleed are not ideal. While there are countless treatments on the market to strengthen and whiten teeth, there are only a few products that are proven to repair gum tissue and deep clean the gumline. Do you notice that your gums bleed while brushing or flossing, and wonder if there is cause for alarm? Bleeding gums are incredibly common and can be worrisome. We’re here to break down the causes of bleeding gums, when you should be concerned about your gums bleeding, and how to treat bleeding gums. 

What Causes Bleeding Gums

Bleeding gums can be caused by something as simple as your brushing technique or larger, underlying health problems. 

Common Causes of Bleeding Gums

  • Gum disease and periodontitis
  • Gingivitis
  • Hormonal changes caused by pregnancy
  • Dentures or other dental devices that are misaligned or don’t fit correctly
  • Certain medications like blood thinners, aspirin, or ibuprofen
  • Brushing too hard or with a stiff bristle toothbrush
  • Starting a new flossing routine 

Less Common Causes of Bleeding Gums

While it is not likely, bleeding gums can be a sign of underlying issues such as leukemia, diabetes, blood clotting disorders, Vitamin C or Vitamin K deficiency.

  • Leukemia is a type of cancer that decreases blood platelet count. Blood platelets help your body to stop bleeding, so a low platelet count caused by leukemia can cause gums that do not stop bleeding.
  • Diabetes weakens the body’s resistance to germs and infections and reduces its ability to heal, making it more likely that you could develop gum disease that causes bleeding gums.
  • Blood Clotting Disorders such as Thrombocytopenia, Hemophilia, and Von Willebrand Disease are conditions that inhibit blood clotting. As a result, they may cause you to bleed more than is usual, including in the gums. 
  • Vitamin C Deficiency may be to blame for bleeding or swollen gums, as Vitamin C aids in tissue repair and helps heal wounds. If you lack Vitamin C, your gums may be more prone to inflammation and bleeding and be slower to heal.
  • Vitamin K Deficiency can lead to issues with blood clotting, so if you don’t get enough Vitamin K, your gums may be more prone to bleeding. 

  • When To See Your Dentist About Bleeding Gums

    Bleeding gums can be alarming, so it’s essential to know when to consult a professional for treatment. If you notice spontaneous bleeding gums, bleeding gums while eating, or bleeding gums after brushing or flossing more than a few times a month, it’s time to schedule a check up with your dentist. You should also consult your dentist if you notice bleeding with swelling or signs of infection like a fever. A trained dentist will be able to assess your gum tissue and help you to identify the cause of your bleeding gums, as well as prescribe treatment if necessary. Treatments can range from changing your toothbrush to utilizing a gum restoration treatment to reverse signs of gingivitis. 

    How To Treat Bleeding Gums

    5 ways to Fix Bleeding Gums At Home

    It’s likely that your bleeding gums are caused by irritation or plaque build-up and can be treated at home. Try these at-home treatments to help heal your gums and stop gums from bleeding again.

    • Switch up your toothbrush

    If your toothbrush is worn out, stiff, or has bristles that are too firm, it likely is causing irritation and bleeding. The ADA recommends using a manual or electric toothbrush with soft bristles and replacing it every 2-4 months to ensure the bristles are still effective at cleaning without causing damage. 

    • Floss regularly

    Beginning a flossing routine may cause short-term bleeding while your gums adjust, but as the tissue heals and gets used to flossing, bleeding should discontinue. Floss gently, hugging the floss against the side of the tooth and gliding down towards the gum. 

    • Use a gum restoration treatment 

    The GLO Science ECO Balance Deep Clean & Gum Restoration Oral Health Booster is formulated without alcohol or antibiotics. It cleans 8x more effectively than brushing and flossing alone when used twice daily as a toothpaste topper. This deep-cleaning treatment can reverse early stage gingivitis and gum disease to turn the clock back on gum damage and prevent bleeding.

    • Add a mouthwash or salt water rinse to your routine

    An alcohol-free mouthwash or saltwater rinse can help reduce inflammation and bacteria, thereby preventing bleeding gums and aiding in the healing process. To make a saltwater rinse at home, the ADA recommends mixing half a teaspoon of salt with 8 ounces of warm water, then swishing in the mouth twice daily and spitting. 

    • Quit smoking 

    Along with many other serious health problems, smoking has been shown to cause gum disease. Smoking weakens the body’s immune system, making it harder to fight off bacteria, including along the gumline. Smoking also reduces the body’s ability to rebuild tissue, so damaged gums take longer to heal. If you currently smoke, consider quitting to benefit your overall health and stop bleeding gums.

    Everything You Need to Know About Bleeding Gums